from the mountains, Hanalei is bisected by streams and rivers that
deliver important life-bringing water to the kalo loÿi (taro patches)
that then flows out to the sea.
The ahupua‘a of Waipä became well known during Hawai‘i’s
rice growing era (1860s-1940s) during which many Chinese and
Japanese farmers tended the land through citrus groves and cattle
ranches. Today, this area is venerated for its cultural revival lead by
local community-based groups who seek to perpetuate traditional
Hawaiian practices and values.
Further along Halele‘a moku is the ahupua‘a of Lumahaÿi, which is
celebrated for its pristine sandy beach made famous from the movie
South Pacific. Lumahaÿi boasts some of the most rugged terrain
making it a largely undeveloped area that can feel remote and almost
ominous, especially during storms.
Just after Lumahaÿi is the ahupua‘a of Wainiha, which literally
means hostile waters. A remarkably steep coastline makes the area
unsuitable for people to farm or inhabit resulting in much of the
valley remaining unnamed. Although the land itself lacks any names
or labels, the locals did create many names for the wind in the area
due to its turbulent nature—at least 40 specific to the Wainiha area!
The last ahupua‘a within the Halele‘a moku is Häÿena, which has
strong ties to hula and also a site of a world-renowned hula hälau (place
of learning). The ahupua‘a of Hä‘ena also has the special distinction
of having been ruled by an independent chiefess and female konohiki
(resource managers). Notable geographic sites within the ahupua‘a
of Hä‘ena are the Maniniholo (dry) and Waikapala‘e (wet) caves
which draw visitors year-round. Home to many local groups who are
trying to mälama (take care of) the coastal regions, Hä‘ena is home
to the National Tropical Botanical Garden’s Limahuli Garden and
Preserve, which is a nearly 1,000 acre site for endangered native plant
conservation and ecosystem restoration.
Culture and traditions are kept alive within the moku of Halele‘a
by the local people and their strong ties back to the ‘äina (land).
Community hukilau (fishing with a seine) is still practiced within the
moku and trade between the mauka (mountains) and makai (seaside)
thrive. There are many community-based groups that are pushing
for care of the ‘äina and for a revival of past cultural traditions to
perpetuate traditional Hawaiian practices and values. Enjoy exploring
the many areas of Halele‘a moku and reflect in all of the rich history
this special area has to offer!